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A federal crime is a crime against the United States, which typically falls under 1 of 2 categories: either a crime that crosses state lines, or a crime that occurs on U.S. federal property or against a U.S. federal agent. Congress enacts laws in areas falling within federal jurisdiction. Typically, these are laws and regulations dealing with federal property, federal matters, and federal taxes. Additionally, there are significant federal crime laws governing many areas of modern society, including interstate commerce. The most prevalent types of federal criminal cases are: drug violations, immigration law violations, mail fraud, wire fraud, bank robbery, gun offenses (such as a felon in possession of a firearm), child pornography, counterfeiting, identity theft, conspiracy, bank fraud, bankruptcy fraud, money laundering, antitrust violations, and crimes of any type which occur on federal property or in federal buildings. The general trend in criminal law has been increasingly "federalized," meaning that more and more are offenses subject to federal prosecution.
White collar crime refers to crimes committed by business people, entrepreneurs, public officials, and professionals through mistake or deception. White collar crimes can be prosecuted at either the state or federal level, or both, depending on which jurisdiction’s law has been violated. Penalties vary, but some cases can result in large fines, restitution, and anywhere from 1-30 years imprisonment.
Often, in prosecuting white collar crimes, a charge of conspiracy will be brought along with the underlying charge(s). People who have no or very little involvement in a criminal enterprise can find themselves targeted by investigators after other defendants name them in a deal they've cut with prosecutors.
Because of the highly specialized nature of the federal crime system, it is important to retain a criminal defense attorney experienced in the area of federal crime law and procedure. Federal rules of evidence are different from state rules, and federal rules governing sentencing are so complicated that most state practitioners are not sufficiently trained to interpret them, let alone argue them. Ann Fitz has practiced almost exclusively in federal court and is well-versed in the Federal Rules of Evidence, the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure, and the United States Sentencing Guidelines.
At the Law Office of Ann Fitz, we understand how state and federal prosecutors handle white collar crimes and the criminal investigations that accompany them. We have represented clients in every stage of a federal criminal case, including:
If you've been contacted as either a subject or a target of a federal investigation, DO NOT speak with federal agents until after you speak with a criminal defense attorney. If you are facing federal criminal charges, you need an attorney with a record of proven success. Federal criminal defense attorney Ann Fitz has the experience and strategic abilities to dismiss the charges, reduce your prison sentence, or negotiate all other possible alternatives. Call us today to schedule a free, confidential consultation to discuss your case.
Our federal criminal justice system is complex, both conceptually and procedurally. To ensure the fairness of the proceedings, the federal courts have its own rules of criminal procedure that govern the federal crime process from arrest through sentencing.